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Arapaho – Verbs – Special Auxiliaries

04 Apr

Arapaho – Verbs – Special Auxiliaries

An “auxiliary” verb is a small but very common word (in English) which modifies some other main verb. Examples in English include: can, want to, like to, have to, etc:

I’m eating I can eat

I’m dancing I like to dance

You’re studying You want to study

She’s cooking She has to cook

In Arapaho, you can say the same thing by adding a prefix to any verb you want. We’ll learn just a few of these:

neeyéí3ei-noo I’m reading

nííni’-íneyéí3ei-noo I can study

benii3íhi-noo I’m eating

benéétoh-bii3íhi-noo (or nii-beetoh-bii3ihi-noo)I want to eat

beetéee-noo I’m dancing

nóówoh-betéee-noo I like to dance

You can ask questions and make negations, and make things future or past, just like normal:

koo-hei-béét-bii3íhi Do you want to eat?

hei-hoow-béét-bii3íhi You don’t want to eat

nih’ii-béét-bii3íhi-n You wanted to eat

héét-béétoh-bii3íhi-n You will want to eat

Notice that the auxiliary always goes right before the verb.

Exercizes: List three things that you like to do, three things that you want to do, and three things that you can to.

List three things that you don’t like to do, can’t do, and don’t want to do.

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Posted by on April 4, 2013 in ARAPAHO LANGUAGE

 

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