Arapaho – Verbs – Special Auxiliaries
An “auxiliary” verb is a small but very common word (in English) which modifies some other main verb. Examples in English include: can, want to, like to, have to, etc:
I’m eating I can eat
I’m dancing I like to dance
You’re studying You want to study
She’s cooking She has to cook
In Arapaho, you can say the same thing by adding a prefix to any verb you want. We’ll learn just a few of these:
neeyéí3ei-noo I’m reading
nííni’-íneyéí3ei-noo I can study
benii3íhi-noo I’m eating
benéétoh-bii3íhi-noo (or nii-beetoh-bii3ihi-noo)I want to eat
beetéee-noo I’m dancing
nóówoh-betéee-noo I like to dance
You can ask questions and make negations, and make things future or past, just like normal:
koo-hei-béét-bii3íhi Do you want to eat?
hei-hoow-béét-bii3íhi You don’t want to eat
nih’ii-béét-bii3íhi-n You wanted to eat
héét-béétoh-bii3íhi-n You will want to eat
Notice that the auxiliary always goes right before the verb.
Exercizes: List three things that you like to do, three things that you want to do, and three things that you can to.
List three things that you don’t like to do, can’t do, and don’t want to do.